Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Daerah (Balitbangda)

Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan

Jl. Dharma Praja I, Komplek Perkantoran Pemerintah Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan Banjarbaru

Foto DIALEKTIKA ISLAM DAN BUDAYA DALAM TRADISI BA-AYUN MAULID DI MASJID BANUA HALAT KABUPATEN TAPIN

DIALEKTIKA ISLAM DAN BUDAYA DALAM TRADISI BA-AYUN MAULID DI MASJID BANUA HALAT KABUPATEN TAPIN

  Kam, 14 April 2016

THE DIALECTIC  BETWEEN THE ISLAM AND CULTURE IN BA-AYUN-MAULID TRADITIONS AT BANUA HALAT MOSQUE TAPIN REGENCY

Wajidi

Balitbangda Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan

Jalan Aneka Tambang-Trikora, Kompleks Perkantoran Pemerintah

Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan, Banjarbaru

e-mail: wajidi.amberi@gmail.com

Diterima: 10/10/2014, Direvisi: 18/10/2014, Disetujui: 28/10/2014

 

 

Abstrak

Ba-ayun Maulid di Masjid Banua Halat menarik untuk dikaji karena memperlihatkan adanya hubungan atau dialektika antara Islam dan budaya. Yang menjadi permasalahan adalah bagaimana gambaran hubungan antara Islam dan budaya   pada upacara Ba-ayun Maulid? Kajian ini bertujuan untuk: (1) Mengetahui gambaran pelaksanaan upacara Ba-ayun Maulid di Masjid Banua Halat; (2) Mengetahui pengaruh tradisi Pra-Islam dalam upacara Ba-ayun Maulid di Masjid Banua Halat; (3) Mengetahui latar belakang munculnya pengaruh tradisi Pra-Islam pada upacara Ba-ayun Maulid di Masjid Banua Halat.    Lokasi penelitian mengambil tempat di desa  Banua Halat Kabupaten Tapin. Secara metodologis, penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif kualitatif dengan pendekatan antropologis, sejarah, budaya dan keagamaan.   Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa desa Banua Halat dahulunya pernah dihuni komunitas pra-Islam yang cukup lama dan berlanjut sampai datangnya pengaruh Islam. Ketika Islam berkembang di wilayah ini, terjadilah interaksi Islam dengan kepercayaan lama sebagaimana tercermin dalam upacara Ba-ayun Maulid. Upacara Ba-ayun Maulid sebenarnya berasal tradisi lama yakni upacara bapalas bidan atau ma-ayun anak sebagai sebuah tradisi yang berlandaskan kepada kepercayaan Kaharingan. Ketika Islam masuk dan berkembang di Banua Halat, upacara bapalas bidan tidak lantas hilang dan malah mendapat pengaruh unsur Islam sebagaimana terlihat pada  upacara Ba-ayun Maulid yakni upacara mengayun anak sambil membaca syair maulid yang dilaksanakan bersamaan dengan perayaan maulid Nabi Besar Muhammad SAW.

Kata kunci: Ba-ayun Maulid,  Masjid Banua Halat,  Islam, Budaya.

 

Abstract

Ba’ayun Maulid in Banua Halat Mosque is interesting focus of study, in which the ceremony shows the interaction or dialectic between Islam and the local culture. The problem in that circumstances is how the relationship between the Islam and culture itself on the Ba’ayun Maulid ceremony. This study aims to: (1) Knowing the implementation overview Ba-ayun Maulid ceremony at Banua Halat Mosque; (2) Determine the influence of pre-Islamic traditions in the Ba-ayun Maulid ceremony at Banua Halat Mosque; (3) Knowing the background of the rise of the influence of pre-Islamic traditions in the Ba-ayun Maulid ceremony at Banua Halat Mosque. Location of the study took place in the village of Halat Banua Tapin regency. This type of research is a descriptive qualitative research approaches anthropological, historical, cultural and religious. The results showed that the village Banua Halat an old residential area. Was once inhabited the pre-Islamic community is quite old and continued until the advent of Islamic influence. As Islam developed in this region, and there was interaction or intersection of Islam with the old religion as reflected in the Ba-ayun Maulid ceremony. In the Ba-ayun Maulid ceremony held at Banua Halat Mosque remnants of the old religion is still there, but has been acculturated to Islam. This research is using the descriptive qualitative methodology with the aproach of antropology, history, culture and religion. The result shows that the Banua Halat Village was inhabited by the pre-Islam community for a while until it was influenced by the Islam. When the Islam came, the interaction is started to take place with the influence of the old tradition reflected by the Ba-ayun Maulid ceremony. The ceremony is originated by the old tradition, bapalas bidan or swinging baby as the tradition based on the Kaharingan belief. When Islam came and develop in Banua Halat, the bapalas bidan ceremony is not necessarily vanished, hence it got the Islam influence as reflected in Ba-ayun Maulid ceremony, in the process of swinging the baby while reciting maulid verse, together with the celebration of Profet Muhammad SAW maulid.

Keywords: Ba-ayun Maulid, Banua Halat Mosque, Islam, Culture.

 

Statistik Pengunjung

Kantor Balitbang Kalsel

Alamat : Jl. Dharma Praja I,
Komplek Perkantoran Pemerintah
Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan, Banjarbaru
Telp/Fax : 0511-6749271
Email : kalselbalitbangda@gmail.com